business intelligence architecture

A business intelligence architecture is a framework for organizing the data, information management and technology components that are used to build business intelligence (BI) systems for reporting and data analytics. The underlying BI architecture plays an important role in business intelligence projects because it affects development and implementation decisions.

The data components of a BI architecture include the data sources that corporate executives and other end users need to access and analyze to meet their business requirements. Important criteria in the source selection process include data currency, data quality and the level of detail in the data. Both structured and unstructured data may be required as part of a BI architecture, as well as information from both internal and external sources.

Information management architectural components are used to transform raw transaction data into a consistent and coherent set of information that is suitable for BI uses. For example, this part of a BI architecture typically includes data integration, data cleansing and the creation of data dimensions and business rules that conform to the architectural guidelines. It may also define structures for data warehousing or for a data federation approach that aggregates information in virtual databases instead of physical data warehouses or data marts.

The technology components are used to present information to business users and enable them to analyze the data. This includes the BI software suite or BI tools to be used within an organization as well as the supporting IT infrastructure – i.e., hardware, database software and networking devices. There are various types of BI applications that can be built into an architecture: reporting, ad hoc query, data mining and data visualization tools, plus online analytical processing (OLAP) software, business intelligence dashboards and performance scorecards.

This was last updated in November 2010
Posted by: Margaret Rouse
View the next item in this Essential Guide: business intelligence dashboard or view the full guide: Strategic business intelligence for a mobile future

More News and Tutorials

There are Comments. Add yours.

 
TIP: Want to include a code block in your comment? Use <pre> or <code> tags around the desired text. Ex: <code>insert code</code>

REGISTER or login:

Forgot Password?
By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and its partners. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States. Privacy
Sort by: OldestNewest

Forgot Password?

No problem! Submit your e-mail address below. We'll send you an email containing your password.

Your password has been sent to:

Research More Tech Terms

  • Search thousands of tech definitions
  • Browse tech definitions
    Browse Alphabetically:

Powered by WhatIs.com

File Extensions and File Formats

File Extension and File Formats List:

Powered by WhatIs.com