Dashboards and scorecards Definitions

  • A

    ad hoc analysis

    Ad hoc analysis is the term commonly used in businesses to describe a product (analytical report, statistical analysis or model, or other report or summary of data) produced one time to answer a single, specific business question. 

  • B

    business intelligence (BI)

    Business intelligence (BI) is a technology-driven process for analyzing data and presenting actionable information to help executives, managers and other corporate end users make informed business decisions.

  • business intelligence dashboard

    A business intelligence dashboard is a graphical interface that displays the current status of metrics and key performance indicators (KPIs) for an enterprise.

  • D

    d3.js (data-driven documents)

    D3.js (data-driven documents) is a library of JavaScript code that enables users to input their own data into prebuilt visualizations. The code allows users to generate graphics in frequently used web formats like HTML, CSS and SVG.

  • data visualization

    Data visualization is a general term that describes any effort to help people understand the significance of data by placing it in a visual context.

  • H

    heat map (heatmap)

    A heat map is a two-dimensional representation of data in which values are represented by colors. Heat maps allow users to understand and analyze complex data sets.

  • K

    key performance indicators (KPIs)

    Key performance indicators (KPIs) are business metrics used by corporate executives and other managers to track and analyze factors deemed crucial to the success of an organization.

  • O

    OLAP dashboard

    The “OLAP” designation indicates that one or more of the graphs or reports (sometimes referred to as “panes,” in the dashboard) are based on an OLAP (Online Analytical Processing) data source. 

  • P

    performance scorecard

    A performance scorecard is a graphic or an application that depicts the progress over time of some entity, such as an enterprise, an employee or a business unit, toward some type of goal.

  • Q

    Qlik

    Qlik is a software company in the self-service business intelligence and data visualization market. It has tools for business users, as well as developers.

  • S

    sparkline

    A sparkline is a small embedded line graph that illustrates a single trend. Sparklines do not include axes or labels; context comes from the related content.

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